When most individuals consider coloured stone jewellery, their minds flip to rubies, sapphires, and emeralds and normally they’d be proper. Nevertheless, for the jewellery connoisseur, they need to additionally think about essentially the most lovely, brightest, and sturdy gemstone of all – the diamond! Most individuals do not understand that diamonds are available in colours aside from clear. The jewellery trade calls these diamonds “white”. Nevertheless, the educated jewellery aficionado is aware of that essentially the most lovely diamonds on the earth are available in a rainbow of colours.
Initially, essentially the most desired coloured diamonds are all pure. Which means that they arrive out of the bottom the colour they’re polished to and usually are not handled or modified in any approach to convey out or improve their shade. A diamond have to be licensed by a gemological laboratory to be known as pure. Pure coloured diamonds symbolize lower than 1% of all diamond tough processed.
Pure coloured diamonds could also be one major shade or modified with a secondary hue or hues. Pure coloured diamonds are additionally graded for shade in a different way than white diamonds. Naturally coloured diamonds are graded on this order: faint, very mild, mild, fancy mild, fancy, fancy darkish, fancy intense, fancy deep, and fancy vivid. With most pure coloured diamonds, the extra fascinating stones are those nearer to fancy vivid GSI certified.
The least uncommon shade of pure coloured diamonds is yellow. Pure yellow diamonds get their shade from the presence of nitrogen within the carbon lattice. Among the best identified yellow diamonds on the earth is the “Incomparable”, a 407.48 carat shield-shaped step lower diamond graded fancy brownish-yellow, however internally flawless. Connoisseur Louis Glick is the proprietor of this stone after twice attempting unsuccessfully to promote the “Incomparable” at public sale with a reserve worth of $20 million.
Subsequent most uncommon are the pink diamonds. Pure pink diamonds are shaped by a “plastic deformation” of the crystal as it’s being shaped. Earlier than the invention of the Argyle Mine in Northwestern Australia in 1985, pure pink diamonds have been far rarer than they’re now. With the invention of the mine, they turned extra considerable and 90% of the world’s provide come from right here. Some well-known pink diamonds embrace the Darya-ye Noor Diamond with an approximate weight of 182 carats! The Graff Pink is a 24.78 carat emerald lower fancy intense pink diamond, and is the costliest jewel ever offered at public sale at $46 million! The Steinmetz Pink, the most important fancy vivid pink graded diamond, was unveiled in 2003 and weighs 59.6 carats. Lastly, pink diamonds obtained superstar discover when Ben Affleck gave Jennifer Lopez a 6 carat pink diamond engagement ring!
Rarer than pink diamonds are the orange diamonds. Pure orange diamonds get their shade by the presence of nitrogen and defects within the crystal lattice. As a result of the colour orange is a mix of yellow and purple, the first colours of orange diamonds vary from purple orange to yellow orange. Essentially the most well-known orange diamond is the “Pumpkin Diamond”, bought at public sale by Ronald Winston of Harry Winston Jewelers the day earlier than Halloween and renamed due to its shade and the importance of the acquisition date. It’s graded fancy vivid orange and weighs 5.54 carats. It gathered additional significance when it was worn in a hoop by Halle Berry on the 2002 Academy Awards when she gained Greatest Actress. Its present worth is $three million!
The following rarest diamond is the blue diamond. Pure blue diamonds get their shade from the presence of boron of their construction. Essentially the most well-known blue diamond on the earth can be the most effective identified – The Hope Diamond. Weighing in at 45.52 carats and fancy deep grayish blue, this allegedly cursed stone was donated to the Smithsonian Institute by its ultimate proprietor, Harry Winston.
Among the many rarest of the pure coloured diamonds are the purple diamonds. True purple diamonds are nearly non-existent and are created by unusually excessive quantities of hydrogen within the construction of the diamond. Most pure purple diamonds are modified by pink in order that they’re generally known as pinkish-purple diamonds. Most are smaller than two carats and most are lower as spherical brilliants. There are three well-known purple diamonds identified on the earth and little is understood about two of them – the Royal Purple Coronary heart Diamond, and the Supreme Purple Star Diamond. The purple diamond got here to the forefront in 2003 when skilled athlete Kobe Bryant gave his spouse an eight carat purple diamond ring after it was found he had a marital infidelity.
Even rarer are pure inexperienced diamonds. They’re uncommon in that their formation is just not from any defects discovered within the diamond. They’re shaped from publicity to radiation that happens naturally within the soil, more than likely from uranium ore. Pure inexperienced diamonds, due to the tactic of their formation, are sometimes solely inexperienced on the floor. There is just one well-known pure inexperienced diamond – The Dresden Inexperienced. The Dresden Inexperienced weighs roughly 41 carats, and will get its identify from Dresden, the capital of Saxony in Germany.
The rarest of all pure coloured diamonds are purple diamonds. They’re shaped by the identical course of as pink diamonds. There are just a few diamonds that GIA has graded as Fancy Crimson (unmodified). The biggest of those is the Moussaieff Crimson, a 5.11 carat triangular sensible lower diamond. The reddest purple diamond is the Rob Crimson, a zero.59 carat pear formed fancy intense purple diamond. It is usually distinctive in that it’s comparatively clear with a VS1 readability grading.
As you’ll be able to inform, pure coloured diamonds can be found in each shade of the rainbow after which some. For most individuals involved in coloured stones, they’re more than likely to be happy with gems because the colours are extra to their liking. However for individuals who need the unique and might afford it, pure coloured diamonds make an thrilling and splendid alternative.